October Moon Calendar

OCTOBER 2021

NEW MOON  7th October

Garden

    • Loads of pricking out seedlings as needed
    • Continually preparing beds as weather and moisture levels allow
    • Plant all summer flowers requiring heat for germination i.e. Sunflowers, morning glory, gaillardia, Princes feather, zinnias, cosmos, marigold, love lies bleeding, tithonia, nasturtium, and dahlia
    • Plant all main crop veges (beans, summer squash, pumpkins, tomatoes, cucumbers for pickling and eating) into trays and prick out and transplant as ready
    • Plant lettuce, tampala, rocket, mibuna, basil, and all other summer greens and veges requiring warmth into trays and prick out and transplant as required
    • Plant your grain crops into trays but broadcast sow over the entire tray leaving enough room for the seedlings to grow for 3-4 weeks and then transplant directly into the beds at diagonal spacings recommended on the seed packets amaranth, quinoa, millet, sorghum.. Or direct sow into beds as described on Koanga seed packets
    • Grains can be direct sown (scatter sown or even sown in rows) into beds but you will have to cover from the birds and getting the density optimal is quite tricky. The spacings recommended on our packets are many years of experience to obtain maximum yields.

Temperate Forest Garden

    • Last chance to sow seeds and ground cover herbs under fruit trees before it dries out

 

FIRST QUARTER 13th October

Garden

    • Keep planting salad greens every month
    • Foliar feed before full moon
    • Major time for bed preparation and taking care of seedlings and newly transplanted seedlings
    • Continue transplanting out into beds all your seedlings
    • Quite a few of your perennials will be feeling the ground warming and will be sending up their first shoots (e.g. echinacea, stevia, bergamot) and may need checking for slug and snail damage (especially stevia).

Perennials

    • Take care of all the perennials you have planted well
    • Plant Runner bean seed
    • Continue bed prep for your perennials keeping in mind they will be in these beds a long time so do it well

Temperate Forest Garden

    • Watch for water stress and try to avoid it by careful watering, time watering will be time not spent dealing with pests and other associated problems
    • Watch for Bronze beetle attack on apples, feijoas, and all trees that are likely to be water stressed. You may need to spray – garlic and pyrethrum will kill them because they eat the leaves but if you add Neem oil you will do a better job of stopping the new few generations as well
    • Good time to foliar feed for tree health

 

FULL MOON 21st October

Garden

    • Good time to foliar feed or spray
    • Direct sow carrots and parsnips
    • Plant maincrop potatoes (onto comfrey and or seaweed), carrots, beetroot, jerusalem artichokes, yams all tubers and root crops
    • If your waterchestnuts have not been planted into a tub or plastic lined growing trough then  do it now. They need 20cm of water fed with lime and cow manure.
    • Plant kumara when the Pipiwharoroa puts a tail on his call
    • Continue bed preparation, loads of work with seedlings , snail patrols
    • Keep all planted beds weed free and aerated every week if possible on the waning moon
    • If your dahlias over wintered in the ground then now is the time to lift and divide and replant

Temperate Forest Garden

    • Good time to foliar feed for health
    • Moisture levels critical for shallow roots. If any of your trees are looking unhappy then carefully check their roots: are they too dry, are they repelling the water you’re putting on because they are too dry?
    • Time to set possum trap lines outside fruit tree area to catch roving possums before they damage trees or eat fruit

 

LAST QUARTER  29th October

Garden

    • Continue pricking out seedlings and transplanting
    • Mound up earlier plantings of potatoes, critical that you either mulch or mound up well to obtain heavy crops and avoid potato worms

Temperate Forest Garden

    • Don’t stress about long grass, it is best to leave it long now to keep disease out of setting fruit.. we’ll cut it later when the soil fungi need feeding. Dig up comfrey root, cut into 3-5 cm pieces and plant into seedling tray to get roots before transplanting into orchard. If soil conditions are good you can directly plant the pieces of root straight into the ground now.
    • Make sure all the irrigation systems are working well now
    • Weed  and feed comfrey borders and barriers, pull back kikuyu if this is a kikuyu barrier
    • final chop and drop or support species pruning before Summer when we wanat shade
    • Time to set possum trap lines outside fruit tree area to catch roving possums before they damage trees or eat fruit