January Moon Calendar

JANUARY 2021

FULL MOON 30th December 2020

Garden

  • Give foliar feed and keep up with watering
  • Last chance to plant main crop potatoes onto trenches of comfrey if not already in
  • Feed tomatoes and peppers with liquid comfrey weekly from now on for maximum crops

Orchard

  • Monthly fish and phyter or liquid seaweed or vermiliquid as necessary to prevent disease and strengthen cell tissue and soil micro organisms in the orchard
  • Summer prune stone fruit as the fruit has finished on each tree – you’ll have less disease issues and the autumn growth will grow where you need it.

LAST QUARTER 6th January

Garden

  • Prick out seedlings as necessary
  • Keep up watering
  • Carefully observe all plants – they’ll tell you if they need some more water, nutrients, help with pest control, tying up or more space. This is a very important time to good care of the tomatoes and peppers
  • Transplant leeks into garden for autumn winter use
  • Sow seed for late autumn/winter early spring flowering—snap dragon, calendula, marigold, sweet william, hollyhock, granny’s bonnets, cineraria, primrose and polyanthus

Temperate Forest Garden

  • Pinch growing tips out on your fig trees to encourage the growth to go into the fruit
  • Net and harvest ripening fruit
  • Watch moisture levels, check young trees carefully
  • You should be able to have a break for a few weeks now if you’re up to date with all the above jobs. Time to begin picking the fruit and enjoying the season!

NEW MOON 13th January

Garden

  • Water carefully, using fingers to make sure the ground is getting wet where you need the moisture .. critical, after taking care of your crops to this point don’t lose your harvest for lack of watering
  • Harvest garlic, dry out of sun, then clean and select your mother seed for next year
  • Harvest onions and shallots, dry out of sun , then select mother seed and store separately
  • Sow late and glasshouse crops of cucumbers, courgettes, beans, basil where you have either a long season or a greenhouse
  • Plan and sow seed for autumn crops like cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, silver beet, spinach, celery, carrots, beetroot, endive, Brussels sprouts, kale, swedes and turnips, lettuce, radish, and daikon
  • Weed and prepare beds as they come empty ensuring you have checked your garden planner and have your next set of seedlings ready to go in
  • Continue feeding where necessary to maintain growth, the better your soil gets the less you will have to do this
  • Transplant brassicas and leeks into garden for Autumn Winter use.. ensure you cover all brassicas with row crop cover or frost cloth to keep off super hot sun and white butterflies.
  • Sow seed for late Summer flowering, zinnia, sunflower, marigold, cosmos, aster dahlia
  • Sow seeds for Autumn/Winter early  spring  flowering—snapdragon, calendula, sweet William, hollyhock, granny’s bonnets, cineraria, primrose and polyanthus
  • Thresh dried flax seeds and store
  • Clean dried peas and store
  • Either dry or freeze excess broad beans for future use
  • Begin processing excess tomatoes
  • Excess sugar snap peas make excellent ferments
  • Be thinking about how you will find ramial wood chip to fork into top 5cm of beds where lupins are being planted this Autumn to feed beds and raise humus content

Perennials

  • Stop picking asparagus to let it recover ready for next year
  • Perennials are finishing now, time to water well, feed and mulch well and lay to bed to regenerate and gain strength for next season
  • Watering and feeding comfrey and alfalfa beds now will ensure far more growth over Summer mulching with ramial wood chip once a year would be great fert as well as mulch
  • You might want to harvest your asparagus seed from the female plants to avoid birds spreading it everywhere
  • Keep removing flower heads from Welsh Bunching onions to keep them growing, they need lots of water and nutrition
  • Use loppers to cut out spent globe artichoke stalks to enable new shoots to come up, will encourage an Autumn crop
  • Day Lilies at their colourful best, remember they have highly edible buds

Forest Garden

  • Now is the time to feed your fruit trees as availability of balanced and high levels of nutrients NOW make next year’s crop!
  • Pinch growing tips out on your fig trees to encourage growth to go into the fruit
  • Pinch tips, back to 1 or 2 buds beyond the beginning of all pruned new shoots on espaliered trees, to encourage fruiting spurs rather than loads of long shoots, regularly
  • Net and harvest ripening fruit
  • Watch moisture levels, check young trees carefully
  • Get a Reams Soil Test done urgently if not already done, to know how to feed your fruit trees by the middle of this month see below, get fert required urgently.. We have used EF:NanoCal and EF:SoilForce, but now using ramial woodchip
  • Now is the time to decide how you will store excess fruit to keep you out of the supermarket over winter. Get ready to go!
  • Now is a good time to decide how you will supply fruit tree nutrients and maintain tree health into the future….see Design Your Own Forest Garden and Design Your Own Orchard
  • Order your Vinevax dowels NOW so you can inoculate your trees against Silverleaf or heal it if you already have it in your trees, from AGRIMM if you have enough for a wholesale order or your local Farmlands who get them from AGRIMM Technology

 

FIRST QUARTER 21st January

Garden

  • Check water requirements
  • Check tomato and pepper maintenance. Getting it right now, will make a huge difference to your harvest this season See Koanga Garden Guide, or Knowledge Base on website
  • Foliar/soil drench (EF:CalPhos) feed three days before full moon if needed, especially heavy feeders such as tomatoes, and pumpkins and peppers
  • Prick out and transplant as necessary
  • Finish all planting not done in New Moon section
  • As you transplant your brassicas into your beds direct sow vetch seeds, or transplant seedlings to act as a leguminous ground cover to prevent weeds and support your brassicas
  • Dead head all old flower heads to keep plants flowering

Perennials

  • See New Moon section

Forest Garden

  • The energy in the trees is coming back up from the roots with nutrients to set buds for next seasons fruit
  • Ensure soil moisture levels facilitate nutrient movement
  • NOW is a good time to sort all of your silver leaf infected trees and or inoculate all the rest that could get infected.. all your pip and stone fruit. You can often see that you have silver leaf by the silvery leaves in Spring and Autumn however sometimes the fungal disease is there and you can’t see it unless you cut the branch off and see the black discolouring in the centre of the wood. We use Trico dowels, or dowels or plugs of wood inoculated with the Trichoderma spp that destroy the silver leaf fungi in the tree. You can buy them from Farmlands, instructions are on the bags. You will need a drill with a 6mm bit to drill the holes. The time to do this is after the Spring growth flush, now is a good time
  • Check moisture levels on all trees especially dwarf apples, dwarf pears, feijoas, young trees, kiwi fruit and citrus – all have shallow roots and hate drying out. Brown leaves, bad pear slug, bad cicada damage and serious bronze beetle damage are all very often symptoms of water stress, or actually nutrient stress because there is no moisture to allow the plant roots to pick up the minerals!
  • Last week to get nutrients on the ground for optimal fruit tree production next season… must be available by 15th January.
  • Observation of each fruit tree (record fruiting times and any issues) will help future planning and management
  • Check all fruiting trees for crop and health performance, will help make good decisions later
  • Begin bottling, drying, fermenting and storing fruit

FULL MOON 29th January

Garden

  • Water as required, especially just around the full moon as the plants are really wanting to grow
  • Feed if required three days before full moon
  • Keep up tomato and pepper maintenance
  • Spray Koanga Psyllid Solution for psyllid and or shield bugs, also look to see if your plants are water stressed or nutrient stressed
  • Layer carnations
  • Plant bulbs in garden beds orchard or pots
  • Dead head dahlias and all flowers to keep them flowering

Perennials

  • Asparagus needs to be left to grow big fronds now, to photosynthesis and sequester carbon in the soil and grow stronger roots to send up shoots again next Spring. Water deeply, feed and mulch and let the tops grow tall. If you don’t want asparagus seeds germinating everywhere then remove all the fleshy orange seed balls. We put a string around the bed to prevent the tops falling all over other beds
  • Globe artichokes will be finished now, time to get a pair of strong loppers or a pruning saw and cut them back so young shoots can regrow to produce the next round of artichokes. You can divide the clumps once the shoots regrow, to make new plants, which will be exactly like the parent unlike the seedlings which are variable
  • Welsh bunching onions hate hot dry roots. Mulch them heavily and keep moist and fed top grow fast and amazing green onions for being harvested constantly. I mulched with ramial wood chip and they loved it.

Forest Garden

  • Watch for water and or nutrient stress, and take action, foliar feeding might help EF:Growth Foliar on leaves and EF:Soil Force and EF:Nano Cal on ground
  • Make a careful notes of when all your fruit ripens so that you know where the gaps are for future plantings, especially also note which trees are stressed and need extra mulch or nutrient support to enable a strong healthy crop next season
  • If you wish to take a break over winter, then now is the time to prune your fruit trees, as you finish harvesting the crop from each tree. You might need to do a pruning workshop to learn how to do this, check out the Koanga Pruning Workshop on the website.